Persian New Year or Nowruz (literally means “New Days”) is a traditional ancient festival in Iran, which celebrates the birthday of the earth. Nowruz is the greatest celebration not only for all Iranians but also for people live in the broader of Persian Culture such as: Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, India, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.
Nowruz starts on the first day of spring. The start of spring equinox is when the equator plane of earth passes through the center of the sun and the new Iranian year starts. Starting time of new Iranian solar year changes every year due to the time of spring equinox. Most of the time Nowruz is equal to 20th and 21st of the March. Iranian year is the most accurate year in the world. It is arranged in seasons of earth. For example, our first month starts on the first day of spring season and our 3rd months ends up on the last day of spring. Public holidays in Nowruz are five days, 1st to 4th and 13th of Farvardin (first Iranian month) but schools and universities close from 1st to 13th of Farvardin
This important national festival is followed by lots of traditions such as Haft-Sin, Khane Tekani (spring cleaning), Giving Eidi, Egg Paintings, visiting families, 13 Bedar, Charshanbeh Soori (red Wednesday), Amu Nowruz and etc.
Iranians welcome Nowruz by Charshanbeh Soori and finish it with 13 Bedar.
When I was a child, every year near Nowruz time, I felt so delighted because of many pleasant reasons. Imagine that your school is going to be closed for at least 14 days, nature will be born again, travel with family is on the way, and you could get lots of Eidi (money) and so on. How amazing could be these sweet things influence on delicate spirit of a child.
All of these new things make me looking forward to Nowruz. These lovely memorabilia come to my mind quickly and make me so excited when I start to talk about these unique festival in my free walking tour, consequently most of our tourists start to ask me more about Nowruz and its traditions.
Before Nowruz, people start to make their Nowruz table (Haft-Sin) and Khane Tekani. Haft-Sin consists of seven elements that start with “Sin” letter in Persian that sounds like “S”. Any of these elements has special philosophy in Iranian culture. In our next post you can be familiar with Haft-Sin. Nowadays White House make a beautiful Haft-Sin duo to respect to Iranian communities. Khane Tekani is another tradition that we talked about that in our previous post.
On the first day of Nowruz when a new year arrives, many families gather in the home of the oldest member of family and visit each other. On this day, the host gives Eidi to kids and some adults who are younger than him/her; Eidi has been kept inside of holy books like Quran for blessing. Most of the time, Eidi is money, and it is kept inside of wallet as the sign of a bliss for a person who receive it. These family visiting cycles are continued till all the families go to the each other homes.
Happy New Year and Happy Nowruz
In our next posts, we will write about Haft-Sin, Egg Paintings & 13 Bedar
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